Thursday, 4 May 2017


Directions (1-7): In each of the following questions a related pair of words or phrases is followed by four pairs of words or phrases. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship that is least similar to the one expressed in the question pair.

(a) cheat: counterfeit
(b) sophism: deception
(c) eidolon: ghost
(d) phantom: reality
(e) None of the above is correct

(a) calumny: slander
(b) fallacy: verity
(c) exhortation: discourage
(d) solvency: debts
(e) None of the above is correct

(a) apple: red
(b) pear: blue
(c) turquoise: orange
(d) rose: green
(e) None of the above is correct

(a) wire: sound
(b) artery: blood
(c) lamp: oil
(d) canal: water
(e) None of the above is correct

(a) routine: extraordinary
(b) culture: refinement
(c) callow: mature
(d) tame: wild
(e) None of the above is correct

(a) antimacassar: chair
(b) carpet: floor
(c) frame: picture
(d) paint: signboard
(e) None of the above is correct

(a) nefarious: villainous
(b) heinous: flagitious
(c) deciduous: evergreen
(d) synonymous: equal
(e) None of the above is correct

Directions (8-15): In each question, there are four sentences. Each sentence has pairs of words/phrases that are italicized and highlighted. From the italicized and highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s) to form correct sentences. Then choose the best option.

Q8. (i) The vacuum cleaner came with several complementary [A]/complimentary [B] attachments for cleaning different surfaces.
(ii) In an age infatuated of machines, life becomes amoral [A]/immoral [B], without moral bearings, devoid of moral categories.
(iii) The trainer mounted the horse and rode for some distance in order to dispel [A]/expel [B] the fears of the child.
(iv) It was as if she had seen a ghost that her face had a deadly [A]/deathly [B] pallor.
(a) ABAB
(b) AAAB
(c) BAAA
(d) BAAB
(e) BBBB

Q9. (i) When he was upset, one could see his juggler [A]/jugular [B] veins standing out in his neck.
(ii) At this junction [A]/juncture [B] students are required to make careful decisions about their future course.
(iii) He made a few unexceptionable [A]/unexceptional [B] propositions, all quite relevant to the discussion.
(iv) As an architect she was involved in the development of urbane [A]/urban [B] housing projects in the city.
(a) ABAB
(b) ABBA
(c) BAAA
(d) BBAB
(e) AAAA

Q10. (i) The speaker could not shout over the babble [A]/bauble [B] of the crowd and he was not heard.
(ii) She felt bad [A]/badly [B] about having to lie to her friend; but she had no choice.
(iii) The farmers were loading bails [A]/bales [B] of hay onto the truck.
(iv) The students waited for the answer to a question that has vexed them for many days with baited [A]/bated [B] breath.
(a) ABAB
(b) AABB
(c) BABB
(d) BAAB
(e) BBBB

Q11. (i) On television, we have been witnessing the baneful [A]/baleful [B] results of war as Israel attacks Hamas in Gaza.
(ii) The wrestler appeared to be tall and burly [A]/burley [B] as he stood by the TV announcer.
(iii) Clouds smoke billowed [A]/bellowed [B] into the air as the fire engulfed the building.
(iv) The old patriarch uttered a malediction [A]/benediction [B] against the rival clan.
(a) BAAA
(b) AAAA
(c) ABAB
(d) AAAB
(e) BBBB

Q12. (i) Sudha Murthy’s beneficent [A]/beneficial [B] activities have resulted in many organizations that help the poor.
(ii) She could not think of any earthly [A]/earthy [B] reason to go out with him in such heavy rain.
(iii) His egoism [A]/egotism [B] prevented him from making practical decisions.
(iv) To go out of the building, you are requested to use the egress [A]/ingress [B] behind the building.
(a) AABA
(b) BBBA
(c) BABB
(d) BBAA
(e) AAAA

Q13. (i) She demonstrated immanent [A]/imminent [B] good sense in her dress and behaviour.
(ii) The thunder was heard immediately [A]/imminently [B] after they saw lightning.
(iii) He went to the diary [A]/dairy [B] section to pick a few packets of milk.
(iv) Her nervousness was obvious with her forehead damp [A]/dank [B] with perspiration.
(a) ABBA
(b) BBBA
(c) AABA
(d) BBAB
(e) BBBB

Q14. (i) In the internet age there is no dearth [A]/death [B] of uncensored, firsthand information.
(ii) He would often digress [A]/regress [B] into his past and talk at length about his childhood.
(iii) His small physique worked against him minimizing [A]/diminishing [B] his authority as a CEO.
(iv) She had a very official [A]/officious [B] manner, always offering her services even when she was not asked nor needed.
(a) ABAB
(b) ABBB
(c) BABA
(d) BAAB
(e) BBBB

Q15. (i) The newlywed couple was facilitated [A]/felicitated [B] by their friends before they left the town.
(ii) If my girlfriend invited me to dinner I would feign [A]/fain [B] do it for sure.
(iii) We hung [A]/hanged [B] the painting on the wall.
(iv) The law has a structure [A]/stricture [B] against sale and possession of guns.
(a) BBAB
(b) ABAB
(c) BBAB
(d) AAAB
(e) AAAA

S1. Ans.(d)
Sol. Answer option D, phantom and reality are antonyms; all the others including the key pair are synonyms.  

S2. Ans.(a)
Sol. Answer option A, the key pair is opposites. Option A is synonyms. calumny-the making of false and defamatory statements about someone in order to damage their reputation; slander.

S3. Ans.(a)
Sol. Spinach is not pink; hence the least similar is Apple and Red.

S4. Ans.(c)
Sol. Cable conducts electricity, lamp and oil do not have a similar relationship.

S5. Ans.(b)
Sol. The key pair is antonyms; option B is synonyms. Culture and refinement are synonyms in applied meaning.

S6. Ans.(d)
Sol. Clothes protect the body; similarly, the first three options are related to each other. Antimacassar is a piece of ornamented cloth that protects the back of chair from hair oils.  

S7. Ans.(c)
Sol. The key pair is synonymous. Option c is opposite.
asinine-extremely stupid or foolish. vacuous-having or showing a lack of thought or intelligence; mindless.
deciduous-(of a tree or shrub) shedding its leaves annually.

S8. Ans.(b)
Sol. AAAB. Complementary fits the sentence because attachments cannot be complimentary – given free. Without moral bearings etc. makes one amoral – being neither moral nor immoral, rather than immoral. Dispel means to remove; expel means to throw out. Deadly means dangerous; deathly means death-like.

S9. Ans.(d)
Sol. BBAB. Jugular is the main vein in the neck; juggler is a person who does tricks. Junction is where two paths meet; juncture means an important point in one’s development or history. Unexceptionable means unobjectionable; unexceptional means ordinary/commonplace. Urbane means suave or sophisticated; urban means related to the city.

S10. Ans.(b)
Sol. AABB. Babble means meaningless and loud talk; bauble means a trinket/trifle. She felt bad because feel is a stative verb in the context; stative verbs need to be followed by an adjective (bad) and not an adverb (badly). Bail as a noun is a container; bale (noun) means a large bundle. Bated breath is the correct idiom; baited (past tense of bait) means to entice or lure.

S11. Ans.(b)
Sol. AAAA. Baneful means poisonous, deadly or destructive; baleful means sinister. Burly means strong and heavy build. Burley is a type of tobacco. Billow means to rise in waves/spirals. Bellow is to make a loud and hollow sound. Malediction means a curse; benediction means a blessing.

S12. Ans.(a)
Sol. AABA. Beneficent means performing acts of Kindness and charity; beneficial is conducive to personal or social well-being. Earthly means possible; earthy means practical. Egoism emphasizes self-interest; egotism means conceited or proud. Egress is way out and ingress is a way in.

S13. Ans.(c)
Sol. AABA. Immanent means in-build; imminent is waiting to happen. Immediately means directly or straightaway which correct in the context. Diary is a record of events and dairy is where milk products are stored. Damp implies slightly wet. Dank is unpleasantly wet (stinking)

S14. Ans.(b)
Sol. ABBB. Dearth means scarcity, hence correct. Digress means to stray away from the topic; regress means to go back in time. Minimize means to keep to minimum; diminish means to cause to appear less. Officious means volunteering one’s services where they are neither asked nor needed or meddlesome.

S15. Ans.(c)
Sol. BBAB. Facilitate means to help bring about; felicitate means to offer congratulations. Feign means to pretend , fain means willing, obliged, constrained etc. The past tense of hang is hung and hanged; but hanged is used only in the context of hanged to death and in no other. Stricture means restriction.