Thursday, 6 April 2017


Directions (1-4): In each of the following sentences, a part of the sentence is underlined/bold. Beneath each sentence, five different ways of phrasing the underlined/bold part are indicated. Choose the best alternative among the five.

Q1. Carbon-14 dating reveals that the artifacts recovered at Mesopotamia are nearly 2,000 years as old as any of their supposed European predecessors.
(a) supposed older than any of their
(b) as old as their supposedly
(c) as old as their supposed
(d) older than any of their supposed
(e) None of the above

Q2. Unlike a typical automobile loan, which requires a fifteen to twenty-percent down payment, the easy drive loan customer is not required to make an initial deposit on the new vehicle.
(a) with easy drive loan buying there is no requirement of
(b) easy drive loan customers are not required to make
(c) for the easy drive loan customer there is no requirement of
(d) an easy drive loan does not require the buyer to make
(e) None of the above

Q3. In addition to having more protein than wheat does, the protein in rice is higher quality than that in wheat, with more of the amino acids essentials to the human diet.
(a) the protein in rice is higher quality than that in
(b) rice has protein of higher quality than that in
(c) the protein in rice is higher in quality than it is in rice
(d) rice protein is higher in quality than it is in
(e) None of the above

Q4. Had realized how close I was to failing, I would not have taken the SBI PO exam in the second week of December.
(a) Had I realized how close
(b) When I realized how close
(c) If I would have realized
(d) If I realized earlier how close
(e) None of the above

Directions (5-8): In each question, there are pairs of words/phrases that highlighted. From the highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s) to form correct sentences. Then, from the options given, choose the best one.

Q5. So a blue-ribbon panel has made clear suggestions, and two respected senators have proposed them as law-this seems nitpicking (A)/straightforward (B) enough.

But the suggestions involve an intensive (A)/extensive (B) shake-up that will be far from easy to make reality. Most notably, the 9/11 commission proposed two new entities.

The first is a National Counterterrorism center, building (A)/countering (B) on the Terrorist Threat Integration Center that was established after the September 11th attacks.

Whereas the current center amounts to a clearing house for terrorism-related information, the proposed one would set operational (A)/functional (B) priorities for fighting terrorism and be responsible for the results.
(a) ABBA
(b) BBAA
(c) BAAA
(d) BAAB
(e) BBBB

Q6. Pointless regulations foster (A)/abet (B) graft.

The more meddlesome (A)/irksome (B) the rule, the greater the incentive to bribe officials not to enforce it.

An excellent new study by the World Bank, “Doing Business in 2005”, shows that red tape is one of the chief obstacles (A)/stepping stones (B) to growth in almost all poor countries.

The World Bank estimates that if a country in the worst-regulated quartile were to join the best quartile, it would promote (A)/boost (B) its annual growth rate by 2.2 percentage points.
(a) BAAA
(b) ABBA
(c) BABA
(d) ABAB
(e) AAAA

Q7. The change in personnel-rarely a good sign-seemed to presage (A)/prequel (B) a change in strategy.

Mr. Kerry made two phone calls soliciting (A)/seeking (B) advice from Mr Clinton, who was lying in a hospital’s bed awaiting quadruple bypass surgery.

Mr Clinton apparently (A)/probably (B) told Mr Kerry to concentrate more on the economy and to step up his attacks on Mr Bush.
That has not stopped John Edwards being warned (A)/praised (B) on the campaign trail by loyalists “They’re going to run you right over and make you look like idiots.
(a) ABAB
(b) BBAA
(c) AAAA
(d) AABA
(e) BBBB

Q8. In other words, there is probably much more to gain from promoting (A)/slashing (B) red tape than from begging for more aid.

Especially since donors, unlike air travelers in Angola, are not exactly queuing up (A)/ freewheeling (B) to open their wallets.

Mr. Putin said after Beslan that “we showed ourselves to be weak, and the weak get beaten.” The implication (B)/ indication (B) is that he will now be even tougher in Chechnya.

Not only is that likely to entertain (A)/stir up (B) more terrorism; it also ignores one of the conflict’s main drivers, which is cast.
(a) AABA
(b) AABB
(c) BABA
(d) BAAB
(e) BBBB

Directions (9-15): In each of the questions, choose the meaning of phrase/idiom (given in bold).

Q9. President Saddam Hussein’s effort to annex Kuwait was nothing short of setting the Thames on fire.
(a) A try to achieve an impossible distinction
(b) To destroy the country for nothing
(c) To show his power and might
(d) To make a situation worse
(e) None of these

Q10. One should not stay idle at home; but be up and doing.
(a) Sleeping
(b) Active
(c) Working
(d) Reading
(e) None of these

Q11. Mr Arjun Singh snapped his fingers at Narasimha Rao and got himself in hot water.
(a) To support
(b) To disregard
(c) To deprive
(d) To interfere
(e) None of these

Q12. We are afraid you may not be led astray in by Arvind’s bad company.
(a) Get into trouble
(b) Misguided
(c) Killed
(d) Lose the job
(e) None of these

Q13. To cry wolf
(a) To give false alarm
(b) To turn pale
(c) To ruin over self
(d) To overcome someone
(e) None of these

Q14. To be in dribs and drabs
(a) Without fail
(b) With much ease
(c) In small quantities
(d) With great difficulty
(e) None of these

Q15. A hard nut to crack is
(a) One who is very obstinate
(b) Very difficult child
(c) A walnut or a fruit
(d) Problem that is hard be solved
(e) None of these


S1. Ans.(d)
Sol.’ older than any of their supposed’ in the question sentence, the comparison is shown. Hence option D is correct in the given context.

S2. Ans.(d)
Sol.’ an easy drive loan does not require the buyer to make’ this is correct word order according to the given context and express the idea completely and correctly. Other options have faulty word structures.

S3. Ans.(b)
Sol.’ rice has protein of higher quality than that in’ this is correct word order and express the idea clearly.

S4. Ans.(a)
Sol. ‘Had I realized how close’. This is the case of inversion. In this case, we use verb before the subject.

S5. Ans.(b)
Sol. straightforward, extensive, building and operational are correct words that express the conveyed idea appropriately.

S6. Ans.(d)
Sol. foster -encourage the development of (something, especially something desirable).
irksome -irritating; annoying. The word ‘boost’ in sentence D gives us the hint to mark the correct answer.

S7. Ans.(c)
Sol. presage-be a sign or warning of (an imminent event, typically an unwelcome one).
solicit-ask for or try to obtain (something) from someone.

S8. Ans.(d)
Sol. slashing -vigorously incisive or effective.
implication- the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated. The phrase ‘stir up’ in last sentence hints us towards correct option.  

S9. Ans.(a)
Sol. set the Thames on fire. To do wonderful or exciting things; to cause a great or remarkable sensation in the world; to be extremely exciting, popular, famous, renowned, etc.

S10. Ans.(b)
Sol. up and around; up and doing. Active again, especially after an illness or rest

S11. Ans.(b)
Sol. snap one's fingers at- Treat with contempt, scorn, disregard,

S12. Ans.(b)
Sol. lead someone astray- to direct or guide someone in the wrong direction

S13. Ans.(a)
Sol. To cry wolf-to cry or complain about something when nothing is really wrong.

S14. Ans.(c)
Sol. in dribs and drabs -in small portions; bit by bit

S15. Ans.(d)
Sol. A hard nut to crack -a difficult problem to solve