Monday, 24 April 2017


Directions (1-4): Each of the following questions has a sentence with two blanks. Given below each option are five pairs of words. Choose the pair that best completes the sentence.

Q1. The genocide in Bosnia and Rwanda apart from being misdescribed in the most sinister and …………… manner as ‘ethnic cleansing’ were also blamed, in further hand-washing rhetoric, on something dark and interior to …………… and perpetrators alike.
(a) Innovative; communicator
(b) Enchanting; leaders
(c) Disingenuous; victims
(d) Exigent; exploiters
(e) Tragic; sufferers

Q2. As navigators, calendar markers, and other …………… of the night sky accumulated evidence to the contrary, ancient astronomers were forced to …………… that certain bodies might move in circles about points, which in turn moved in circles about the Earth.
(a) Scrutinisers; believe
(b) Observers; agree
(c) Scrutinisers; suggest
(d) Observers; concede
(e) Students; conclude

Q3. Every human being, after the first few days of his life, is a product of two factors: on the one hand, there is his …………… endowment; and on the other hand, there is the effect of environment, including ……………
(a) Constitutional; weather
(b) Congenital; education
(c) Personal; climate
(d) Economic; learning
(e) Genetic; pedagogy

Q4. Exhaustion of natural resources, destruction of individual initiative by governments, control over men’s mind by central …………… of the education and propaganda are some of the major evils which appear to be on the increase as a result of the impact of science upon minds suited by …………… to an earlier kind of world.
(a) Tenets; fixation
(b) Aspects; inhibitions
(c) Institutions; inhibitions
(d) Organs; tradition
(e) Departments; repulsion

Directions (5-8): In each of the questions, a word has been used in sentences in five different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.

Q5. Run
(a) I must run fast to catch up with him.
(b) Our team scored a goal against the run of play.
(c) You can’t run over him like that.
(d) The newly released book is enjoying a popular run.
(e) This film is a run-of-the-mill production.

Q6. Round
(a) The police fired a round of tear gas shells.
(b) The shop is located round the corner.
(c) We took a round on merry-go-round.
(d) The doctor is on a hospital round.
(e) I shall proceed further only after you come round to admitting it.

Q7. Buckle
(a) After the long hike our knees were beginning to buckle.
(b) The horse suddenly broke into a buckle.
(c) The accused did not buckle under the police interrogation.
(d) Sometimes, an earthquake can make a bridge buckle.
(e) People should learn to buckle up as soon as they get into a car.

Q8. File
(a) You will find the paper in the file under C.
(b) I need to file an insurance claim.
(c) The cadets were marching in a single file.
(d) File your nails before you apply nail polish.
(e) When the parade was on, a soldier broke the file.

Directions (9-12): In each question, there are five sentences. Each has a pair of words that are italicised and highlighted. From the italicised and highlighted words, select the most appropriate word (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words, which may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate one.

Q9. Anita bore a beautiful broach (A) / brooch (B) on the lapel of her jacket.
If you want to complain about the amenities in your neighbourhood, please meet your councilors (A) / counsellors (B).
 I would like your advice (A) / advise (B) on which job I should choose.
The last scene provided a climactic (A) / climatic (B) ending to the film.
Jeans that flair (A) / flare (B) at the bottom are in fashion these days.

Q10. The cake had lots of currents (A) / currants (B) and nuts in it.
If you engage in such exceptional (A) / exceptionable (B) behaviour, I will be forced to punish you.
He has the same capacity as an adult to consent (A) / assent (B) to surgical treatment.
The minister is obliged (A) / compelled (B) to report regularly to a parliament board.
His analysis of the situation is far too sanguine (A) / genuine (B).

Q11. She managed to bite back the ironic (A) / caustic (B) retort on the tip of her tongue.
He gave an impassioned and valid (A) / cogent (B) plea for judicial reform.
I am not adverse (A) / averse (B) to helping out.
The coupe (A) / coup (B) broke away as the train climbed the hill.
They heard the bells peeling (A) / pealing (B) far and wide.

Q12. We were not successful in defusing (A) / diffusing (B) the guru’s idea.
The students baited (A) / bated (B) the instructor with irrelevant questions.
The hoard (A) / horde (B) rushed into the campus.
The prisoner’s interment (A) / internment (B) came to an end with his early release.
The hockey team could not deal with his unsociable (A) / unsocial (B) tendencies.

Directions (13-15): In each of the following questions there are sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Then, choose the most appropriate option.

Q13. A. In 1849, a poor Bavarian imigrant named Levi Strauss
B. landed in San Francisco, California,
C. at the invitation of his brother-in-law David Stern
D. owner of dry goods business.
E. This dry goods business would later became known as Levi Strauss and Company.
(a) B only
(b) B and C
(c) A and B
(d) A only
(e) A, B and D

Q14. A. In response to the allegations and condemnation pouring in,
B. Nike implemented comprehensive changes in their labour policy.
C. Perhaps sensing the rising tide of global labour concerns,
D. from the public would become a prominent media issue,
E. Nike sought to be a industry leader in employee relations.
(a) D and E
(b) D only
(c) A and E
(d) A and D
(e) B, C and E

Q15. A. Charges and countercharges mean nothing
B. to the few million who have lost their home.
C. The nightmare is far from over, for the government
D. is still unable to reach hundreds who are marooned.
E. The death count have just begun.
(a) A only
(b) C only
(c) A and C
(d) A, C and D
(e) D only

S1. Ans.(c)
Sol. The author is disapproving of the manner in which the genocide has been described as ‘ethnic cleansing’. Hence, options (a), (b) and (d) can be neglected. Between tragic and disingenuous the latter is the better word. Hence, option (c) is correct – something that is confirmed by the second word, ‘victims’.

S2. Ans.(d)
Sol. All the options given for First blank are suitable, but second part of the sentence shows that astronomers were forced to accept something opposite of their views because of contrary evidence. So the word ‘concede’ qualifies for the second blank. Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.

S3. Ans.(b)
Sol. The phrase ‘on the one hand’ shows that both factors are contrasting. The word in the first blank has to be related with the time of birth so only congenital and genetic fit there. The 2nd blank on the other hand has to show the effect of environment – between pedagogy and education obviously, education is the better word. Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.

S4. Ans.(d)
Sol. Organ fits the first blank best because departments, tenets Institutions cannot control men’s minds. Consequently, tradition fits the second blank too. Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.

S5. Ans.(c)
Sol. ‘Run over him’ is the wrong usage. Hence, option (c) is the correct answer.

S6. Ans.(e)
Sol. “You come around to admit something” – ‘come round’ is incorrect usage. Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.

S7. Ans.(b)
Sol. Horses do not break into buckles. The usage in option (b) is incorrect. Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.

S8. Ans.(e)
Sol. Soldiers break ranks not files. Option (e) is incorrect usage. Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.

S9. Ans.(c)
Sol. In the first sentence the term ‘brooch’ means an ornament that can be fixed on the lapel of a jacket while ‘broach’ means to introduce a discussion, which does not make sense. This leaves us with options (a), (b), (c) and (e). The second statement has to be councilors as all the four feasible options give that (a councilor is a member of a municipal council and hence can be complained to about amenities). In the third sentence advice will be the correct choice as it is a noun while advise is a verb. This leaves us with only two options, viz, (c) and (e).
In the fourth sentence climactic means a climax and makes sense with respect to the ending of a film while climatic is related to weather. Hence, option (c) is the correct answer.

S10. Ans.(b)
Sol. Currants (meaning sweet dried grapes goes well with cake and nuts), exceptionable means objectionable and goes well with behaviour and punishment, while exceptional means outstanding which does not fit here.
In sentence (c), consent goes better with surgical treatment. Ministers are obliged to report and analysis can be sanguine not genuine. Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.

S11. Ans.(b)
Retorts are Caustic (bitter), pleas are cogent (convincing), one is not averse (against) to something and a coupe (wagon) is likely to break away from a train and bells peal (ring). Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.

S12. Ans.(a)
Sol. In the first sentence ‘diffusing’ means to spread something and goes well with the context while ‘defusing’ does not fit in. In the second sentence ‘baited’ meaning to make some one angry while bated means to hold ones breath which does not fit.
The ‘horde’ meaning a huge crowd fits in well which the third sentence.
Prisoner’s internment and unsociable tendencies fit in well with the fourth and fifth sentences. Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

S13. Ans.(a)
Sol. A is wrong as ‘immigrant’ should have been there instead of imigrant, C is wrong because it should have said “on the invitation”. D is wrong because “owner of a dry goods business” would have been correct and E is wrong because there should have been “become” instead of “became”.
So only statement B is correct. Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

S14. Ans.(d)
Sol. Statement A is correct, statement B should have read “in it’s labour policy”, Statement C should have read “Perhaps sensing that the rising….” and statement E should have read “sought to be an industry leader…”. There is no error in A and D. Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.

S15. Ans.(d)
Sol. Statement A, C and D have no error. Statement B should have read “lost their homes” while Statement E should have read “count has just begun”. Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.