Saturday, 15 April 2017


Directions (1-5): In each of the following sentences, parts of the sentence are left blank. Beneath each sentence, five different ways of completing the sentence are indicated. Choose the best alternative from among the five options.

Q1. If the more articulate members of a community formed a coherent and __________ class with a common interest, democracy would probably be __________ into the rule of that intelligent, educated __________; even as it is, the democracies of the modern world are much closer to this fate than they are to the much-canvassed __________ of mob rule.

(a) united, overthrown, minority, benefits
(b) separate, overthrown, majority, problems
(c) united, replaced, minority, dangers
(d) separate, replaced, minority, benefits
(e) united, replaced, majority, dangers

Q2. I think it is the duty of science – I do not say of every individual man of science – to study the means by which we can __________ ourselves to the new world. There are certain things that the world quite obviously needs: __________, as opposed to dogmatism in our beliefs; an expectation of co-operation, rather than __________, in social relations; a lessening of envy and collective __________. These are things which __________ could produce without much difficulty.
(a) adapt, fanaticism, competition, malice, philosophy
(b) adopt, fanaticism, affection, malice, science 
(c) reorient, tentativeness, war, consciousness, science
(d) adapt, tentativeness, competition, hatred, education
(e) orient, diffidence, competition, malice, education

Q3. As man’s tool of survival, reason has two basic functions: cognition and evaluation. The process of cognition consists of discovering--- A---, of identifying their nature, their ----B-----. The process of evaluation consists of man discovering the relationship of things to himself, of identifying ---C-- to him and ---D----, what should be sought and what should be avoided.
(a) A – what is beneficial, B – what is harmful, C – attributes and properties, D – what things are
(b) A – what things are, B – what is beneficial, C – attributes and properties, D – what is harmful 
(c) A – what is beneficial, B – what things are, C – what is harmful, D – attributes and properties
(d) A – attributes and properties, B – what is beneficial, C – what things are, D – what is harmful
(e) A – what things are, B – attributes and properties, C – what is beneficial, D – what is harmful

Q4. When you first arrive in a new culture, there is a period of __________ that comes from the new situation and from a lack of information. It leaves you quite __________ and in of help in the form of information and more. The second stage begins as you start to __________ with the new culture. It is called the stage of small victories. Each new __________ with the culture is fraught with peril. It is __________ by anxiety and information collection and rehearsal. Then the event occurs and you return home either __________ or defeated.
(a) confusion, vulnerable, interact, observation, preceded, jubilant
(b) excitement, vulnerable, observe, observation, followed, victorious
(c) confusion, dependent, interact, encounter, preceded, triumphant
(d) excitement, dependent, interact, encounter, followed, victorious
(e) confusion, dependent, observe, observation, preceded, triumphant

Q5. The core of modern doctoring is diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Western doctors have been __________ the wheezes and pains of their patients since the 17th century to identify the __________ disease of the cause of complaints. They did it well and good __________ became the hallmark of a good physician. They were less strong on treatment. But when sulphonamides were __________ in 1935 to treat certain bacterial infections, doctors found themselves with powerful new tools. The area of modern medicine was born. Today there is a __________ array of complex diagnostic tests, and of pharmaceutical and surgical methods of treatment.
(a) analyzing, deep rooted, diagnosis, conceived, burgeoning
(b) curing, deep-rooted, medicines, invented, dwindling
(c) diagnosing, widespread, prescriptions, conceived, escalating
(d) analyzing, underlying, diagnosis, discovered, burgeoning
(e) curing, widespread, prescriptions, discovered, dwindling

Directions (6-15): Which of the phrases given below should replace the phrase given in bold italics in the following sentence to make the sentence grammatically correct. If the sentence is correct as it is and no correction is required, mark (E) as the answer.

Q6. When do you intend to return back home?
(a) intend to return
(b) intention of returning to back
(c) intend to turn back for
(d) intend for a return of
(e) No Correction Required

Q7. I would have been in your place, I would not have accepted his suggestion.
(a) If I had in
(b) Had I been with
(c) I had been with
(d) Had I been in
(e) No Correction Required

Q8. He firmly beliefs that a radical change in the structure of our various departments is necessary.
(a) is believing that
(b) firmly believes that
(c) firmly belief that
(d) that firmly believes in
(e) No Correction Required

Q9. Mahatma Phule’s life was a saga of dedicating in the cause of social reforms in India.
(a) of dedicated the
(b) of having dedicated in the
(c) of dedication to the
(d) for dedication at the
(e) No Correction Required

Q10. No sooner did we reach the station than it started raining.
(a) then it started raining
(b) then it starts to rain
(c) than it starts to rain
(d) when it started raining
(e) No Correction Required

Q11. I met him yesterday but forgot to mention this point.
(a) had been forgotten to
(b) was forgot to
(c) have forgotten to
(d) forgot at
(e) No Correction Required

Q12. Every activity can be classified by two groups, namely mental and physical.
(a) will be classified by
(b) can be classified into
(c) will be classified between
(d) can classify into
(e) No Correction Required

Q13. The issues discussed had been so that critical they could hardly be resolved in such a limited time.
(a) were so critically that
(b) had so critical that
(c) were being so critical as that
(d) were so critical that
(e) No Correction Required

Q14. The Conference is to be starting at 9.30 a.m. with the introductory speech by the Minister.
(a) is to start for
(b) has been started by
(c) is to start at
(d) will be started by
(e) No Correction Required

Q15. The unskilled class of workers in the most exploited of class under the present labour contract system.
(a) most exploited class
(b) mostly exploiting class
(c) most exploiting class
(d) mostly the exploit class
(e) No Correction Required


S1. Ans.(c)
Sol. “common interest” and united will go together. Mob rule eliminates benefits vs. dangers.

S2. Ans.(d)
Sol. Adopt is incorrect. Dogmatism as opposed to fanaticism does not make sense; we need its opposite, hence tentativeness in the second blank. War and consciousness will eliminate option C.

S3. Ans.(e)
Sol. Immediately after blank A, it is said identifying their nature which means A and B are related to the nature of things – hence option (E). After C and D we have “what should be sought and what should be avoided,” hence beneficial and harmful combination in option(E).

S4. Ans.(c)
Sol. From a “new situation and lack of information,” there cannot be excitement. Observe eliminates option (E). Observation eliminates option (A). Hence (C).

S5. Ans.(d)
Sol. If the doctors were doing this to “to identify…” something it has to be “analyzing.” Diseases are not deep rooted but underlying, hence option (A) can be eliminated in favor of option (D).

S6. Ans.(a) 
Sol. intend to return. 

S7. Ans.(d) 
Sol. Had I been in. third conditional sentence structure. 

S8. Ans.(b) 
Sol. firmly believes that. 

S9. Ans.(c) 
Sol. of dedication to the. 

S10. Ans.(e) 
Sol.  No Correction Required

S11. Ans.(e) 
Sol.  No Correction Required

S12. Ans.(b) 
Sol.  can be classified into

S13. Ans.(d) 
Sol.  were so critical that

S14. Ans.(c) 
Sol.  is to start at. 

S15. Ans.(a) 
Sol.  most exploited class.