Directions (1-5): In each of the following questions, a capitalized pair of words is given followed by four numbered pairs of words. Select from choices the pair which exhibits the same relationship as the capitalized pair of words and mark its number as your answer.
Q1. ARBORETUM : PLANTS
(a) menagerie : animals
(b) field : grass
(c) botany : herbs
(d) grotesque : jokes
(e) None of these
(a) blood : heart
(b) pen : tool
(c) sorcery : spirits
(d) novel : prose
Q3. CHRONOMETER : ERGOMETER
(a) sequence : energy
(b) color : voltage
(c) time : work
(d) revolution : illumination
(e) None of these
Q4. BEER :BARLEY
(a) whiskey : corn
(b) bourbon : hops
(c) bread : yeast
(d) vodka : grapes
(e) None of these
Q5. FUSTY : MUSTY
(a) fetish : aversion
(b) bias : disinterested
(c) noisome : fetid
(d) predisposition : fairness
(e) None of these
Directions (6-15): In each question, there are four sentences. Each sentence has pairs of words/phrases that are italicized and highlighted. From the italicized and highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s) to form correct sentences. Then choose the best option.
Q6. (i) I have kept the book besides [A]/beside [B] your bag on the table.
(ii) You can attempt 10 questions from among [A]/between [B] 30 questions.
(iii) It was so hot in the sun that they moved into the shadow [A]/shade [B].
(iv) Although [A]/Despite [B] his having known her for years, he behaved like a stranger.
Q7. (i) The announcement said that the chief quest would be arriving presently [A]/currently [B].
(ii) After the recession employment rates are on the rise [A]/raise [B] again.
(iii) The professor could not explain the topic fully because of the continuous [A]/continual [B] interruptions.
(iv) I was not able to wear the trousers because they were creased [A]/crinkled. [B]
Q8. (i) I was not able to answer the interviewer’s question about who discovered [A]/invented [B] the computer.
(ii) He got his car’s breaks [A]/brakes [B] repaired before the long drive.
(iii) As long as [A]/As far as [B] she is concerned, she will not say anything against you.
(iv) Timely advice from his friend saved him as he was about to tangle [A]/dangle [B] himself up in legal problems.
Q9. (i) We gathered in front of the school to welcome the new principle [A]/principal [B]
(ii) New Delhi is the capitol [A]/capital [B] of India.
(iii) The situation is currently [A]/presently [B] under control.
(iv) On the way I have to stop for a while to telephone [A]/ for telephoning [B] my brother.
Q10. (i) He did not say [A]/tell [B] us anything about his affair.
(ii) The project would not have been completed in time but for his timely and valueless [A]/invaluable [B] contribution.
(iii) My friend is very sensible [A]/sensitive [B]; he listens to all my problems and tried to comfort me.
(iv) My dad assured [A]/ensured [B] me that everything will turn out to be right in the end.
Q11. (i) In little over a month the campaign has more than acceded [A]/exceeded [B] expectations with 5000 tickets already sold for the show.
(ii) The students have free excess [A]/access [B] to the entire material in the library.
(iii) The elusion [A]/allusion [B] to corruption in the ministry landed the journalist in trouble with the officials.
(iv) Are the children all ready [A]/already [B] to go to the park?
Q12. (i) I find that there is all together [A]/altogether [B] too much violence in these films.
(ii) Is there anyway [A]/any way [B] we can get a film star to preside over the function?
(iii) The success of the event was entirely causal [A]/casual [B] as we had planned every minute details of it.
(iv) The police have ceased [A]/seized [B] a large number of arms from the militants.
Q13. (i) In a few years, she became his trusted confident [A]/confidant [B]
(ii) We were required to make a custom [A]/costume [B] design for the online shop.
(iii) He was declared illegible [A]/eligible [B] for the post in spite of not having enough work experience.
(iv) Several eminent [A]/imminent [B] scientists are expected to be present for the seminar.
Q14. (i) For long he has been talking about his plans to emigrate [A]/immigrate [B] to Canada.
(ii) The way he plays the guitar is an aural [A]/oral [B] treat.
(iii) The advertisement mentioned several vacancies in the personnel [A]/personal [B] department.
(iv) The police found it very difficult to control the restive [A]/restless [B] crowd.
Q15. (i) The student approached the teacher to seek council [A]/counsel [B] about her career plans.
(ii) I had to change a few principal [A]/principle [B] parts of the engine to make it work again.
(iii) She was jealous [A]/zealous [B] in her pursuit to get into one of the IIMs.
(iv) His judicious [A]/judicial [B] decisions about his investments have made him wealthy.
Sol. arboretum is botanical garden – plants (for study) or display – menagerie is a collection of animals (for display)
Sol. Diabetes is a type of disease; pen is type of tool.
Sol. chronometer (clock) measures time; ergo meter measures work done.
Sol. Beer is made from barley; whisky is made from corn (corn, rye or barley).
Sol. Fusty and musty are synonyms; noisome and fetid are synonyms.
Sol. BABB. Beside means by the side of; besides means other than. More than two takes among. Shadow is a reflected image; shade is free from the heat and light. Despite means in spite of, or notwithstanding.
Sol. AABB. Currently means now; presently means soon after. Raise (verb) is to life up; rise means to increase. Continuous is without break; continual is happening again and again without breaks. Too many creases means crinkled; crease may even be proper.
Sol. BBBA. Break (noun) is a recess. A car has brakes. As far as (she) is concerned is the correct idiom. Tangle means to become entangled; dangle is to be suspended in air.
Sol. BBAA. Currently is now; presently is very soon. To telephone is the correct idiomatic use.
Sol. BBBA. ‘tell us’ is the correct idiom. Valueless means without value; invaluable means of great value. Sensible means intelligent; sensitive means considerate towards others feelings etc. Assure means to convince; ensure is to secure.
Sol. Accede means to agree; exceed means to surpass. Excess is too much quantity; access is permission. Elude means to avoid; allude means to refer. All ready means prepared or completely ready. Already means previously.
Sol. ABBB. All together means in a group; altogether means completely. Anyway means anyhow; any way means any method or means. Causal means due to a cause; casual means informal. Cease means to stop; seize means to take control of or confiscate.
Sol. BABA. Confident is an adjective meaning having trust in; confidant is a noun referring to person in whom one confides. Custom means tailor made; costume refers to clothing. Illegible means not easily readable, not clear; eligible means entitled. Eminent means famous; imminent means ready to take place.
Sol. AAAA emigrate means to leave one country for another immigrate is to opposite to come into another country. Aural is related to the ear and oral is related to the mouth. Personnel is related to manpower, staff; personal means related an individual. Restive means difficult to control, restless means impatient.
Sol. BABA. Counsel means advice; council is a group of officials. Principal means main/important; principle is a rule or doctrine. Jealousy is envy; zeal is enthusiasm. Judicious means wise; judicial means related to the judiciary or law.