Directions (1-10): For each of the words given below, a contextual usage is provided. From the alternatives given, pick the word that is the most inappropriate as a substitute in the given context and mark its number as your answer.
Q1. Rebuff: The party president virtually rebuffed the party’s state unit president.
(d) cold shouldered
Q2. Abrogation: The party supported the abrogation of certain clauses of the constitution.
Q3. Vestigial: Any vestigial feeling of affection he had for her was extinguished by her outrageous actions.
Q4. Exacerbate: Such nuclearisation would only exacerbate the tension between the two neighbouring countries.
Q5. Enjoins: The doctrine enjoins upon the government to protect the resources for the enjoyment of the general public.
(a) appeals to
Q6. Allay: The scheme needs to be popularized through persuasion, allaying the genuine concerns of the affected parties.
Q7. Equitably: The gift of nature has to be equitably distributed among human beings.
Q8. Imperative: Minimizing human exposure to radiation is imperative.
Q9. Embroil: The organization has been embroiled in this controversy since last month.
Q10. Moot: The moot questions that now need to be answered is whether this system would help the bank to recover its dues.
Directions (11-15): Four sentences are given with a blank in each. Five words are also given. The blank in each sentence can be filled by one or more of the four words given. Similarly, each word given in the choices can go into any number of sentences. Identify the number of sentences each word can go into and mark as your answer the maximum number of sentences any word can go into.
Q11. A. They had to __________ off the picnic as it was raining.
B. She went to the __________ box to speak to her mother.
C. Can you please __________ a taxi?
D. __________ me up at eight 8 O’clock, I have an appointment at nine.
Q12. A. Do you __________ any musical instrument?
B. The team was ready to __________ in the interschool match.
C. Children love to __________ in the park.
D. He tried to __________ for time while his friend got away.
Q13. A. She works so hard that she often falls asleep __________ the newspaper.
B. She will soon get __________ at them.
C. Anyone who is __________ eighteen can vote in India.
D. Though honest, he is not __________ cheating at cards.
Q14. A. The children had picnic on the __________ of the river.
B. He keeps all his valuables in the __________ locker.
C. Can I __________ on you to support my claim?
D. The car is running round the __________.
Q15. A. They couldn’t get along, as they were on different intellectual __________.
B. The __________ taking off from the airport was a beautiful sight.
C. It was __________ that he was guilty.
D. There were several policemen in __________ clothes.
Sol. ‘Rebuff’ means an abrupt rejection and so it means snubbed, repudiated (refuse to accept) spurned (reject with disdain) cold-shouldered (refuse to talk or notice someone). It does not mean ‘pampered’.
Sol. ‘Abrogation’ means repeal or do away with. It can mean cancellation, repudiation (refusal to accept), revocation (ending the validity of a decree) annulment (declare a contract invalid). It cannot mean desiccation (dry out).
Sol. ‘Vestigial’ means very small remnant of something and so surviving (continue to live), lingering (reluctant to leave), residual (remaining part) it can mean remaining. It cannot mean flourishing (develop vigorously), which is almost the opposite.
Sol. ‘Exacerbate’ means make worse and hence in the context inflame (aggravate), augment (increase) aggravate (make worse) are same. It does not mean ameliorate (make better), which is the opposite.
Sol. ‘Enjoins’ means urges and hence can mean spurs, appeals to (requests), entreats (asks earnestly) implores (begs earnestly) but not forces (which implies compulsion).
Sol. ‘Allaying’ means diminishing or ending and so it means easing, alleviate (make less severe), palliate (make less severe), dispel (remove). It cannot mean clarified (make clear).
Sol. ‘Equitably’ means fairly and impartially and so impartially, fairly and dispassionately (nationally, impartially), and justly. It does not necessarily have be to equally.
Sol. ‘Imperative’ means of vital importance. Hence, it can mean essential, obligatory (compulsory) compulsory (cursive) and mandatory (required by law). It cannot mean perfunctory (carried out with minimum of effort).
Sol. ‘Embroiled’ means involved deeply in a conflict. Hence, it means entangled, mired (meet with difficulties) ensnared (caught in a trap) involved (connected). It does not mean engulf (surrounded).
Sol. ‘Moot’ means subject to debate, dispute and so it means contestable debatable, disputable and unresolved (not yet solved). It does not mean dubious (doubtful).
Sol. Phone fits in the sentence B and D correctly and maximum times.
Sol. Play -fits in the given sentences maximum times and correctly defines the conveyed meaning.
Sol. over -fits in the sentence A, B, and C correctly and maximum times.
Sol. ‘bank’ fits in the sentence A, B, and C correctly and maximum times.
Sol. Plain- fits in the context correctly maximum times in sentences A, C and D.