Directions (1-5): In each of the following questions, a statement and five choices are given. Select from among the choices, the most logical complement and mark its number as your answer.
Q1. There was no other means of coming to power than an alliance with like-minded parties.
(a) We will revamp the party by taking the support of the opposition
(b) We tried to please the leaders of other parties.
(c) We declared that we are going to rise to power.
(d) We enlisted the support of the opposition.
(e) So we convened an urgent meeting of our workers.
Q2. Facilities in the village hospital are insufficient and outdated.
(a) So we are going to take the patient back home.
(b) We will take our patient home and complain to the authorities.
(c) We will immediately take the patient to a better hospital.
(d) We will wait silently until the hospital gets improved.
(e) We will demand for a better hospital in the village.
Q3. The decision to reopen the old and closed-down liquor shops was resented by the people in the city.
(a) Some people took out protest march to the minister’s house.
(b) The liquor-sellers and contractors supported the government decision.
(c) The ruling party secretly convened a meeting of the most important leaders.
(d) The government succumbed to public opinion and withdrew the decision to open the liquor shops.
(e) The liquor barons will not allow the closure of the liquor shops.
Q4. Electric supply failed and the fans in the office stood still.
(a) Children playing outside did not feel any heat.
(b) It was a hot season and there was no wind.
(c) The staff had a lot of work to finish.
(d) Urgent arrangement was made to start a stand-by generator.
(e) During the summer season electric supply is very erratic.
Q5. Many Chief Ministers expressed their opinion in favour of abolishing the governor’s post.
(a) The Central govt. is made up of several parties.
(b) The government’s existence depends upon the Chief Ministers.
(c) There may be a decision very soon.
(d) There are no governors in some of the states.
(e) The government is thinking of building a new Raj Bhavan.
Directions (6-10): Find the meaning of the underlined/BOLD word in the following sentence.
Q6. Home appliances manufacturer Bajaj electrical Limited is looking for acquisitions in the domestic market.
Q7. Some important statistics further corroborate the susceptibility of Indians towards heart diseases.
Q8. The hero is known for his liking for foot-tapping tunes and sonorous music.
Q9. The veteran politician still believes in the old method of being reticent and maintaining silence on controversial issues.
Q10. The unruly mob was temerarious enough to say that they had provoked violence.
Directions (11-15): In the following Questions, there are four sentences. Each sentence has pairs of words/phrases that are italicized and highlighted. From the italicized and highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s) to form correct sentences. Then choose the best option.
Q11. (i) Having to work unsociable [A]/antisocial [B] hours in the call center has had an effect on his health.
(ii) Most cosmetics claim to be hypoallergenic [A]/nonallergenic [B].
(iii) The finger that was caught in the door became turbid [A]/turgid [B] and discoloured.
(iv) The qualification, e.g., [A]/i.e., [B] Master of Business Administration, is essential for the job.
Q12. (i) Dumping waste into rivers and streams is flagrant [A]/blatant [B] abuse of environmental norms.
(ii) I will introduce you to her, but you are on your own from their [A]/there [B] on.
(iii) When her turn came, she lay [A]/laid [B] her papers on the table.
(iv) When his controversial paintings were banned, the artist emigrated [A]/immigrated [B] as a result.
Q13. (i) An actor’s performance depends on his ability to memorize the lines and cues [A]/ queues [B].
(ii) The project failed because of the shortcomings innate [A]/inherent [B] in our approach.
(iii) No wonder he is a doctor, his entire linear [A]/lineage [B] has been associated with medical science.
(iv) Evolutionary science established between human beings and simians, especially monkeys [A]/apes [B].
Q14. (i) The school affected [A]/effected [B] a new policy on extracurricular activities.
(ii) The rationale [A]/rational [B] behind current curricula is that students need to learn language and thinking skills, not specific information.
(iii) All the bickering and noise we witness in the legislature over petty politics is pure bathos [A]/pathos [B].
(iv) He has been recumbent [A]/incumbent [B] on the job; he must be fired.
Q15. (i) First, it is too expensive; second, it doesn’t fit well and thirdly [A]/third, [B] I don’t like it.
(ii) The festival offers a truly eclectic [A]/esoteric [B] program of events, including the opportunity to dance your socks off every evening.
(iii) In a monotonous [A]/monotonic [B] arrangement each set is contained completely within the other.
(iv) After the accident the victim went into comma [A]/coma [B] for several days.
Sol. So we convened an urgent meeting of our workers.
Sol. We will immediately take the patient to a better hospital. Since facilities are not good enough for the treatment, patient should be taken at better hospital for treatment.
Sol. Since people in the city resented the decision of opening liquor shop again, govt. decided not to reopen the shop.
Sol. Since electric supply was irregular; hence Urgent arrangement was made to start a stand-by generator.
Sol. Since many chief ministers have expressed concern about the post of Governor, there may be a decision very soon.
Sol. acquisitions-an asset or object bought or obtained
Sol. corroborate- confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, or finding).
Sol. sonorous- (of a person's voice or other sound) imposingly deep and full.
Sol. reticent - not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily.
Sol. temerarious- reckless; rash.
Sol. turgid -swollen and distended or congested.
hypoallergenic-(especially of cosmetics and textiles) relatively unlikely to cause an allergic reaction.
Sol. flagrant-(of an action considered wrong or immoral) conspicuously or obviously offensive.
emigrate-leave one's own country in order to settle permanently in another.
Sol. cue- a thing said or done that serves as a signal to an actor or other performer to enter or to begin their speech or performance.
lineage- direct descent from an ancestor; ancestry or pedigree.
Sol. rationale -a set of reasons or a logical basis for a course of action or belief.
bathos -(especially in a literary work) an effect of anticlimax created by an unintentional lapse in mood from the sublime to the trivial or ridiculous.
Sol. eclectic-deriving ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources.
monotonic-(of a function or quantity) varying in such a way that it either never decreases or never increases.