Thursday, 23 March 2017


Directions (1-10): For each of the words below, a contextual usage is provided. Pick the word/phrase from the alternatives that is most the appropriate substitute in the given context and mark its number as your answer.

 Q1. Propitious: During recession, conditions are not propitious to the development of business.
(a) lucky
(b) suspicious
(c) favorable
(d) fortunate
(e) affordable

Q2. Ephemeral: We often long to hold on to the ephemeral joy of childhood.
(a) harmless
(b) remarkable
(c) sporadic
(d) transitory
(e) heavenly

Q3. Unsavory: Many democracies resort to unsavory methods to control dissidence.
(a) disagreeable
(b) coercive
(c) bribing
(d) coaxing
(e) cunning

Q4. Stonewalling: After two months of stone-walling, a breakthrough came out of the blue.
(a) trying
(b) blocking
(c) preventing
(d) cajoling
(e) delaying

Q5. Loopholes: There are enough loopholes in the law to raise serious doubts about its serving the intended purpose.
(a) amendments
(b) vagaries
(c) ambiguities
(d) openings
(e) drawbacks

Q6. Instigate: The B.J.P. won a two-thirds majority vote simply by instigating communal hatred.
(a) fabricating
(b) inciting
(c) spawning
(d) generating
(e) aggravating

Q7. Hegemony: Musharaf’s continuity in power signifies the continuation of Pakistani Army’s hegemony in the political process and its compulsive hostility towards India.
(a) dominance
(b) role
(c) edge
(d) advantage
(e) plan

Q8. Horrendous: The recent petrol pump and prime land allotment scams did not expose corruption but mammoth patronage, not crime but horrendous class exploitation.
(a) explicit
(b) implicit
(c) clear
(d) horrifying
(e) awful

Q9. Machiavellian: Politicians often resort to Machiavellian tactics to stay in power.
(a) grandiose
(b) scheming
(c) majestic
(d) clumsy
(e) evil

Q10. Polemics: As usual our politicians are busy with polemics and politics.
(a) speeches
(b) appearances
(c) controversial debates
(d) power
(e) performance

Directions (11-15): In each of the following questions, a capitalized pair of words is given followed by five numbered pairs of words. Select from choices the pair which exhibits the same relationship as the capitalized pair of words and mark its number as your answer.

Q11. TOP : SPINS : :
(a) earth : rotates
(b) car : accelerates
(c) moon : dark
(d) toy : destroy
(e) None of the above

Q12. MILK : SPOIL : :
(a) metal : bend
(b) water : filter
(c) flower : wilt
(d) fish : swim
(e) None of the above

(a) vivacious : happiness
(b) domineering : timidity
(c) indisputable : doubt
(d) fortunate : haplessness
(e) None of the above

(a) train : run
(b) fail : arrest
(c) charge : job
(d) horse : dismount
(e) None of the above

(a) oblique : indirect
(b) red : crimson
(c) dorsal : ventral
(d) snowy : windy
(e) None of the above


S1. Ans.(c)
Sol. Propitious-giving or indicating a good chance of success; favourable. According to the context of the sentence, the conditions are not favorable because of recession. 

S2. Ans.(d)
Sol. Ephemeral-lasting for a very short time. The short lasting joy of childhood.

S3. Ans.(a)
Sol. Unsavory: disagreeable and unpleasant because morally disreputable.

S4. Ans.(e)
Sol. stonewall-delay or obstruct (a request, process, or person) by refusing to answer questions or by being evasive.

S5. Ans.(c)
Sol. Loopholes-an ambiguity or inadequacy in the law or a set of rules.

S6. Ans.(b)
Sol. instigate-encourage or stir up (violent or unlawful behaviour).

S7. Ans.(a)
Sol. Hegemony-leadership or dominance, especially by one state or social group over others.

S8. Ans.(d)
Sol. Horrendous: extremely unpleasant, horrifying, or terrible.

S9. Ans.(e)
Sol. Machiavellian-cunning, scheming, and unscrupulous, especially in politics.

S10. Ans.(c)
Sol. polemic-the practice of engaging in controversial debate or dispute.

S11. Ans.(a)
Sol. Just as a top spins, the earth rotates.

S12. Ans.(c)
Sol. Milk gets destroyed when it gets spoilt and a flower gets destroyed when it wilts.

S13. Ans.(a)
Sol. Munificence represents generosity, just as vivaciousness represents happiness.

S14. Ans.(d)
Sol. To get off ship one disembarks. To get off a horse, one dismounts from it.

S15. Ans.(c)
Sol. Retreating and advancing are opposite actions. Similarly, dorsal and ventral are adjectives which refer to the back and front of an animal’s body. All other choices are synonyms in nature.