Thursday, 25 February 2016

TODAY COMBO PACK:FEB 25th

Vocabulary Of The Day(FEB 25th Hindu Editorial)


TOPIC-1: A sordid record in Chhattisgarh.
            Adivasi rights activist and Aam Aadmi Party leader Soni Sori was attacked by motorcycle-borne assailants in Chhattisgarh on February 20. They threw an acid-like substance on her, which left her in deep pain, and her face swollen with chemical burns. This was not the first physical attack on Ms. Sori. As international human rights watchdogs have reported, Ms. Sori was also allegedly tortured and sexually assaulted by the Chhattisgarh police while in their custody in October 2011. The latest attack on her comes in the wake of a series of developments that suggests a government-endorsed clampdown on free speech and dissent in the State. Earlier this month, Malini Subramaniam, a journalist associated with the news portal Scroll, and Jagdalpur Legal Aid, a group of human rights lawyers working with Adivasis, were allegedly forced out of the State for highlighting police atrocities against the tribal population. Both the journalist and the lawyers have claimed that their landlords were intimidated by the police into issuing eviction notices on them. It is worth noting that Ms. Sori had been trying to lodge an First Information Report against the Inspector General of Police, Bastar Range. She has been leading a powerful Adivasi movement that has sought to hold the State administration accountable for the killing of Adivasis in fake encounters, arbitrary arrests, and alleged sexual assault and torture of Adivasi women by the police and security forces. She had planned to highlight these issues through a 200-km march from Bijapur, set to end in Jagdalpur on International Women’s Day, March 8, before she became a target of the latest attack.
            For some time now, free speech and dissent have been on the retreat in Chhattisgarh. The official excuse for this has been the ongoing civil conflict between the state and Maoist insurgents. But the fact that individuals who have no connection with the conflict are being forced out, suggests a larger anti-democratic agenda at work. And this is in keeping with the pattern across the world where so-called underdeveloped but mineral-rich regions have fallen prey to fierce corporate plunder of natural resources at the expense of the local population. The Bastar region is rich in minerals as also Adivasi settlements, and the people are loathe to giving up their land for resource-extraction. It is their resistance to being forcibly evicted from their land — best exemplified in the figure of Ms. Sori — that is the trigger for the crackdown on democratic rights in Chhattisgarh. Given the current political scene where a perverse form of nationalism is threatening to shut down free speech, the attack on Ms. Sori represents another front in the battle against the criminalisation of dissent. The kind of spotlight that has been illuminating the absurd charges of sedition against the JNU students needs to also be focussed on the likes of Ms. Sori who have been waging such battles for a long time.

VOCABULARY:
1.clampdown :a concerted or harsh attempt to suppress something.
2.dissent : the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.
3.allegedly : used to convey that something is claimed to be the case or have taken place, although there is no proof.
4.atrocities : an extremely wicked or cruel act, typically one involving physical violence or injury.
5.intimidated : frighten or overawe (someone), especially in order to make them do what one wants.
6.eviction : the action of expelling someone from a property; expulsion.
7.assault : make a physical attack on.
8.conflict  : a serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one.
9.agenda : a list of items to be discussed at a formal meeting.
10.prey : an animal that is hunted and killed by another for food.
11.fierce : having or displaying a violent or ferocious aggressiveness.
12.plunder : steal goods from (a place or person), typically using force and in a time of war or civil disorder.
13.loathe : feel intense dislike or disgust for.
14.perverse : showing a deliberate and obstinate desire to behave in a way that is unreasonable or unacceptable.
15.absurd :wildly unreasonable, illogical, or inappropriate.
16.waging : carry on (a war or campaign).
TOPIC-2 : Restoring goodwill with Kathmandu.
            Nepal Prime Minister K.P. Oli’s just-concluded six-day visit to India has come at an important juncture. The visit came after months of turmoil in the Madhes, or plains, region of Nepal following protests demanding a more federal framework in the new Constitution. India had tacitly backed the agitations, which resulted in a virtual blockade and a shortage of essential supplies in Nepal. After a prolonged period of vacillation, Mr. Oli committed to amendments in the Constitution that would satisfy some of the demands made by the Madhesis. This yielded an easing of the blockade after the protestors called off their stir. The net result of the Indian hand in the unrest, and of New Delhi’s perceived partisanship, had been a resurgence of jingoism in Kathmandu. It was also damaging for India, as the stand-off drained the goodwill gained from its commitment to supporting Nepal’s reconstruction after the devastating earthquake in 2015. The two countries clearly needed to recalibrate their positions, and this is a good start. Nepal has to maintain cordial relations with India; its economic dependence, especially as a landlocked state, is well understood and was, in fact, reinforced during the economic blockade. India too needs a friendly Nepal, whose geopolitical importance due to the open border between the two countries cannot be overstated. It is also in India’s interest that there be political stability in Nepal, to prevent the spillover effect any turmoil can have for the bordering States of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and to secure the republican consensus needed to pull millions of Nepalis out of poverty.
            'To that extent, Prime Minister Oli’s visit has helped reset some priorities. The emphasis by both sides was on taking forward the reconstruction assistance that India has promised. A memorandum of understanding in this regard was signed. Other MoUs covered economic aid for road projects, enhancing power transmission, and easing travel and transit of goods. As regards the question of the Constitution, the Indian government had not budged much from its earlier position on the need for a consensus through dialogue with the dissenting Madhesis to take their concerns on federalism on board. But Prime Minister Narendra Modi did acknowledge that the conclusion of the Constitution-writing process is an “important achievement”. The onus is now on Mr. Oli, his Cabinet and his party, the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist). They could still project the halt in the economic embargo and return to normalcy in the Madhes as a sign of victory and resist any further concessions towards a truly federal Nepal. But that would only amount to further brinkmanship, which could prove detrimental again in the longer run. New Delhi too should dwell on the lessons from the recent deterioration in ties and on the need for a calibrated position that supports inclusive democracy in Nepal yet does not amount to interference. Mr. Oli’s visit has demonstrated the importance of high-level ownership of bilateral engagement to return relations to a mutually beneficial equilibrium.

VOCABULARY:
1.juncture : a particular point in events or time.
2.turmoil : a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.
3.tacitly : Implied by or inferred from actions or statements
4.vacillation : the inability to decide between different opinions or actions; indecision.
5.blockade : an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.
6.stir : move a spoon or other implement round and round in (a liquid or other substance) in order to mix it thoroughly.
7.perceived  : become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand.
8.resurgence : an increase or revival after a period of little activity, popularity, or occurrence.
9.jingoism  : extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy.
10.recalibrate : calibrate (something) again or differently.
11.spillover : an instance of overflowing or spreading into another area.
12.bordering : form an edge along or beside (something).
13.consensus : a general agreement.
14.dissenting : hold or express opinions that are at variance with those commonly or officially held.
15.onus : something that is one's duty or responsibility.
16.halt  : bring or come to an abrupt stop.
17.embargo : an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.
18.brinkmanship : the art or practice of pursuing a dangerous policy to the limits of safety before stopping, especially in politics.

19.detrimental : tending to cause harm.

Digital Current Affairs:February 25th


CURRENT AFFAIRS 25TH FEBRUARY 2016

  • Government to Sell Its 5 % Stake in NTPC
  • Rahul Taneja Appointed As Chief People Officer of Jet Airways
  • Indian Origin Ismail Mahomed Conferred Knighthood by French Government
  • Naval Exercise IBSAMAR 2016 between India, South Africa, Brazil kicked off in Goa
  • Pakistan Parliament Become 1st In World to run entirely on Solar Power
  • Union Finance Minister inaugurated Exhibition on Coin and Currency of India
  • Hyderabad India’s top city for Quality of life
  • World’s 1st fast-acting Anti-Rabies drug to be launched in India

HOW TO PREPARE FOR LIC AAO EXAM IN THE LAST 10 DAYS

How to Prepare for LIC AAO Exam in the last 10 days

Every year Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) brings new excitement between many of the aspirants who desires to be a part of Insurance sector and the main reason for that will be huge number of vacancies.
Earlier there was less competition and huge number of jobs so grab a job was an easy task for aspirants but in today’s world we can’t work hard and simply study and get what we want because hard work simply doesn’t leads to us to achieve your goal it also requires smart work. Every year lakhs and lakhs of students appearing for this LIC AAO, therefore a proper planning and strategy is needed to crack this exam mainly because of INCREASE IN COMPETITION.
Our purpose of telling all this is just to make the candidates aware with the competition of LIC AAO
So, for the convenience of our visitors and all the aspirants who have desire to work as  an Assistant Administrative Officer in LIC we are providing you a detailed last 10 days plan for the preparation of LIC AAO Exam.

In exam all you have to manage you time properly as you can’t waste time in a single question as sectional cut-off is there.
Time devoted for subjects in total for both studying and practice = 15 hours / day
  • Quantitative Aptitude – 4 hours
  • Reasoning Ability – 4 hours
  • English Language – 3 hours
  • GK & Current Affairs – 2 hours
  • Computer Knowledge – 2 hours
The chapter wise planning of all the subjects are provided for the better understanding of aspirants:
DAYQUANTITATIVEREASONINGENGLISHGK & CURRENT AFFAIRSCOMPUTER KNOWLEDGE
1Tables/Square
/Cube/Roots/
Coding/Decoding/ Missing SeriesBasic Grammar such as sentence subject, Nouns, Phrases and Clauses/ Adjectives, Types and Forms of AdjectivesNational & International NewsComputer Basics
2Number series/ Ratio and ProportionBlood Relations/ SyllogismAdjectives, Types and Forms of AdjectivesNew AppointmentsComputer Origin & Generations
3Averages/PercentagesAnalogy test/ InequalitiesArticles/ RCs/ Pronouns/ Idioms and PhrasesAwards & honoursNetworking
4Simple Interest/Compound Interest/ProbabilityTest of Direction senseVerbs/ Active and Passive voiceNewly announced schemesDBMS
5Time and Work/ Time, Speed and Distance/Number RankingDirect & Indirect SpeechLatest sports & Science Technology newsMS Office
6Profit and loss / Probability/ Problem on Numbers/AgesCritical Reasoning and Decision Making/ PuzzlesTenses/ Prepositions. And ConjunctionsInsurance awarenessInternet & Email
7Mixtures and allegations/Boats and streamsSitting ArrangementPara jumbled/Cloze testStatic GKInput Output Devices
8Data InterpretationInput-Output analysisAuxiliary and ModalsStatic GKComputer abbreviations & shortcuts
9RevisionRevisionRevisionRevisionRevision
10Practice of Mock tests & analysis

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE RAILWAY BUDGET 2016-17

Highlights of the Railway Budget 2016-17

Railway Budget of India also referred as Rail Budget is the Annual Financial Statement of the state Indian Railways, which handles rail transport in India. It is presented every year by the Minister of Railways, representing the Ministry of Railways, in the parliament.
The Railway Budget is presented every year, a few days before the Union budget of India.
This year, the railway budget will be presented by Suresh Prabhu.

Theme of the Budget

  • Overcoming challenges – Reorganize, Restructure Rejuvenate Indian Railways: ‘Chalo, Milkar Kuch Naya Karen’
  • Three pillars of the strategy i.e. Nav Arjan – New revenues, Nav Manak – New norms, Nav Sanrachna – New Structures.

Vision 

By 2020, long-felt desires of the common man to be fulfilled i.e, reserved accommodation on trains available on demand, time tabled freight trains, high end technology to improve safety record, elimination of all unmanned level crossings, improved punctuality, higher average speed of freight trains, semi high speed trains running along the golden quadrilateral, zero direct discharge of human waste.

Financial Performance

  • 2015-16- Savings of Rs. 8,720 crore neutralizing most of the revenue shortfall, expected OR 90%;
  • 2016-17- Targeted Operating Ratio (OR) – 92%, restrict growth of Ordinary Working Expenses by 11.6% after building in immediate impact of 7th PC, reductions planned in diesel and electricity consumption, Revenue generation targeted at Rs. 1,84,820 crore.

Railway budget 2016 :quiz-1

:Railway budget 2016 quiz-1
Average speed of passenger trains is increased to
_____kmph
50
60
70
55
Ans:60
Bio-toilets facility will be implemented in _______ trains
1000
1200
950
900
Ans:1000
How many main stations will come under cc camera
surveillance this year??
400
235
456
311
Ans:311
Railway university will be situated in____
Vadodara
Amaravathi
Chennai
Visakhapatnam
Ans: Vadodara
Wifi facility will be implemented in ____ stations for the year
2016-17.
100
45
80
60
Ans:100
Targeted railway income for 2016-17_____ lakh crores
1.84
1.5
2.34
2.5
Ans:1.84
Women are provided with how much reservation in ticket
bookings??
36
26
19
33
Ans:33
how many stations are going to be developed under PPP
model??
500
680
400
215
Ans:400
Passengers details will be screened on ____ screens in _____
railway stations.
20,2000
30,3000
26,4000
38,4400
Ans:20,2000
Railway auto hub will be situated in _____
Bangalore
Vadodara
Lucknow
Chennai
Ans:Chennai
_____ lower berths will be allotted for senior citizens in each
train
245
120
654
342
Ans:120
Average speed of express trains is raised to _____kmph.
80
65
70
75
Ans:80
AYUSH services will be implemented in ____ railway
hospitals
5
7
13
9
Ans:5
_____ km Broad gauge lines will be constructed in 2017.
3000
3700
2800
2000
Ans:2800
E- catering service will be brought in _____stations
450
408
390
543
Ans:408
Expenditure plan for the year 2016-17____lakh crores
1.21
2.31
1.5
1.7
Ans:1.21
_______km railway lines will be electrified in this railway
year.
4000
2000
3000
1300
Ans:2000