Tuesday, 26 January 2016


1. Raju age after 15 years will be 5 times his age 5 years back, What is the present age of Raju

  1. 15
  2. 14
  3. 10
  4. 8

2. Sachin is younger than Rahul by 7 years. If the ratio of their ages is 7:9, find the age of Sachin

  1. 23.5
  2. 24.5
  3. 12.5
  4. 14.5

3. The ratio between the present ages of P and Q is 6:7. If Q is 4 years old than P, what will be the ratio of the ages of P and Q after 4 years

  1. 7:8
  2. 7:9
  3. 3:8
  4. 5:8

4. Ages of two persons differ by 16 years. If 6 year ago, the elder one be 3 times as old the younger one, find their present age

  1. 12,28
  2. 14,30
  3. 16,32
  4. 18,34

5. The sum of the ages of a father and son is 45 years. Five years ago, the product of their ages was four times the fathers age at that time. The present age of father and son

  1. 34,11
  2. 35,10
  3. 36,9
  4. 40,5

6. Ten years ago, P was half of Q in age. If the ratio of their present ages is 3:4, what will be the total of their present ages

  1. 35
  2. 34
  3. 45
  4. 25

7. The total age of A and B is 12 years more than the total age of B and C. C is how many year younger than A

  1. 11
  2. 12
  3. 13
  4. 14

8. The ages of two persons differ by 16 years. 6 years ago, the elder one was 3 times as old as the younger one. What are their present ages of the elder person

  1. 15
  2. 20
  3. 25
  4. 30

9. The ages of two persons differ by 20 years. If 5 years ago, the elder one be 5 times as old as the younger one, their present ages (in years) are respectively

  1. 20,20
  2. 20,10
  3. 25,15
  4. 30,10

10. Ratio between Rahul and Deepak is 4:3, After 6 Years Rahul age will be 26 years. What is Deepak present age.

  1. 14
  2. 15
  3. 20
  4. 22

Vocabulary Of The Day(JAN 26th Hindu Editorial)

hai frds iam Bollepalli anu 
iam providing  the hindu editorial page and vocabulary
happy reading................

                 TOPIC 1:Grand words, but sobering reality.
            American President Barack Obama struck a note of strong optimism this week on his country’s bilateral engagement with India, emphasising in an interview the steady economic and strategic convergence that has occurred between Washington and New Delhi on his watch. Indeed, Mr. Obama has held collaborative efforts with the governments of two Indian Prime Ministers, first Manmohan Singh and now Narendra Modi, to an even keel. Not withstanding the periodic diplomatic kerfuffle or policy wrinkle, most disruptively over Devyani Khobragade’s detention, bilateral bonhomie has held in areas as diverse as expanding trade and investment, regional and multilateral cooperation, counter terrorism coordination, military joint exercises, and most recently, policies to fight climate change. Particularly with Mr. Modi at the helm, the two countries have steadily added strategic depth to the bilateral relationship, whether on the Indian Ocean Region, the Paris climate change agreement, trilateral exchanges with partners such as Japan, or third-country development projects such as those in the Africa region. Yet, some uncomfortable, unanswered questions remain in this space, and they pertain to terrorist attacks in India emanating from across its western border, to the paralysed civil nuclear agreement, and economic brawls that could, if unchecked, fuel spiralling hostility.
            Major terrorist attacks in India — respectively in 2001 (the Parliament complex in New Delhi), 2008 (multiple targets in Mumbai) and in 2016 (Air Force Station in Pathankot) — have opened up a chasm of suspicion between New Delhi and Washington, frustrating India’s foreign policy mandarins over Islamabad’s perceived double-game with Washington. While the U.S. President in the interview this week described the Pathankot attack as “inexcusable”, it is a travesty of justice that terror masterminds Hafiz Saeed, Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi and Masood Azhar are not under arrest despite New Delhi submitting evidence of their complicity. The U.S. administration has leverage over Pakistan in the form of $13 billion in military aid under the Coalition Support Funds programme, so why only use words to chastise non-action on this front? Regarding India-U.S. civil nuclear energy cooperation, Mr. Obama expressed the hope that in the year ahead there would be deals for American companies to build new reactors; yet it is hard to see how this would materialise given the insurance conundrum stemming from India’s Nuclear Liability Law, which provides for legitimate protection in the event of a nuclear accident. Finally, a troubling question mark hangs over India, along with China, remaining outside the framework of the U.S.-driven Trans-Pacific Partnership. Exclusion from this trade framework may result in Indian firms losing market share to TPP signatories. Add to this the spate of mini-squabbles that have broken out over intellectual property rights protection and compulsory licences in India, over visa restrictions in the U.S. and a host of trade disputes that have reached the World Trade Organisation, and Mr. Obama’s comment that the bilateral relationship had “absolutely not” reached its full potential seems perfectly accurate.

1.optimism :hopefulness and confidence about the future or the success of something.
2.emphasising :give special importance or value to (something) in speaking or writing.
3.convergence: a location where airflows or ocean currents meet, characteristically marked by upwelling (of air) or downwelling (of water).
4.keel:supporting the framework of the whole.
5.kerfuffle :a commotion or fuss, especially one caused by conflicting views.
6.wrinkle:a slight line or fold in something, especially fabric or the skin of the face.
7.bonhomie:cheerful friendliness; geniality.
8.helm:a tiller or wheel for steering a ship or boat.
9.emanating :(of a feeling, quality, or sensation) issue or spread out from (a source).
10.brawls:a rough or noisy fight or quarrel.
11.chasm:a deep fissure in the earth's surface.
12.travesty:a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.
13. leverage :the ratio of a company's loan capital (debt) to the value of its ordinary shares (equity); gearing.
14.conundrum :a confusing and difficult problem or question.
15.spate :a large number of similar things coming in quick succession.
16.squabbles:a noisy quarrel about something trivial.

             TOPIC 2:A debate beyond ‘clicktivism’
The consultation process set in motion by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) on the issue of differential pricing of cellular data has set off a full-scale and no-holds-barred war of words between the authority and Facebook. The spat came into the public domain last week when TRAI released its e-mail exchanges with the social networking giant. The telecom regulator is clearly concerned about the unabashed enthusiasm demonstrated by Facebook to utilise — indeed, exploit — the consultation process to drum up support for its Free Basics product. TRAI was scathing in its criticism of Facebook’s high-intensity lobbying exercise. The regulator minced no words, and accused Facebook of converting its consultation process into a “crudely majoritarian and orchestrated opinion poll’’. Also, TRAI is convinced that the campaign by Facebook to defend its free Internet platform “is wholly misplaced” as the consultation paper is only on differential pricing for data services and not on any particular product or service. The social networking giant has been collating responses from users of its platform, and forwarding them to TRAI. Somewhere in this process, Facebook felt that somebody with access to the TRAI e-mail account had blocked the receipt of its e-mails. That accusation was enough to provoke a confrontation with TRAI. More than anything else, the stand-off between the two has brought the focus on the efficacy of the consultation process in an environment where private enterprise is increasingly gaining greater clout. Also, it raises serious questions on the lobbying practices followed to shape outcomes in a consultation process, and the potential impact on policy formulations.

         Also read: All you need to know about Differential data pricing

In the Information Age, where communication enterprises are not just controlling but also redefining the way we interact, it is imprudent and even risky to let them have a free run in setting the policy agenda. The right to do business does not automatically give them the freedom to misuse their platforms to hijack policy initiatives by swaying public opinion. By means of its action, Facebook clearly has walked into the ‘conflict of interest’ argument. In the wake of rising support for net neutrality, Facebook launched a multi-million dollar campaign late last year to support Free Basics, a re-branded version of its internet.org. How tenable is it for an interested enterprise like Facebook to play a facilitating role in the consultation process initiated by TRAI? The ‘template response’ that it has procured from its users naturally has no articulation on the points made by TRAI. Moreover, Facebook cannot arrogate to itself the right to represent users just because they use its platform. The TRAI-Facebook face-off, unfortunately, has deflected the focus from the real issue: what kind of Internet access will suit a country like India with over a billion people? A solution must focus on providing maximum benefit to the poor.
1.barred :prevent or prohibit (someone) from doing something or from going somewhere.
2.unabashed :not embarrassed, disconcerted, or ashamed.
3.scathing:witheringly scornful; severely critical.
4.lobbying:seek to influence (a legislator) on an issue.
5.minced:walk with short quick steps in an affectedly dainty manner.
6.orchestrated:plan or coordinate the elements of (a situation) to produce a desired effect, especially surreptitiously.
7.collating :appoint (a member of the clergy) to a benefice.
8.confrontation:a situation where two players or sides compete to win a sporting contest.
9.efficacy:the ability to produce a desired or intended result.
10.imprudent:not showing care for the consequences of an action; rash.
11.swaying:control or influence (a person or course of action).

12.tenable:able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.


JANUARY 25th Hindu Ediorial With Vocubulary................

hai frds iam Bollepalli anu 
iam providing  the hindu editorial page and vocabulary
happy reading................

                        TOPIC 1: Alert, fair, transparent
            The arrest and detention of at least 18 people from across the country by the National Investigation Agency and the Delhi Police over the last few days for their alleged terror plans and sympathies to the Islamic State is a stark warning that the authorities need to be on heightened alert. The Delhi Police caught four young men from Uttarakhand, while the rest have been arrested by the NIA from across India. Both groups are accused of planning to carry out major terrorist attacks. The NIA believes that the 14 men in its custody were in the process of organising a training camp to prepare for multiple attacks against domestic and foreign targets. Officials say that both the arrested groups had been in touch with Shafi Armar alias Yusuf, who heads a terrorist group named Ansar-ul-Tawhid that is aligned with the Islamic State and has former members of the Indian Mujahideen in its ranks. This is a clear indication that the IS is no more a danger lurking in some distant land. In fact, next-door Bangladesh has already witnessed a few lone-wolf attacks suspected to have been carried out by IS sympathisers.
            The authorities now have the challenge of identifying terrorist modules, and possible lone -wolf, without allowing any attendant excesses. Real-life investigations are pains taking tasks, and the Indian agencies have often failed in due diligence on that front. Therefore it is important that the government keep a close watch to ensure that the NIA and the Delhi Police carry out transparent and professional investigations into the recent arrests. That will ensure public safety and also protect the individual liberty of those accused of terror, but pending a fair trial. Experience worldwide has shown that the perception game is practically won or lost while dealing with terrorist suspects. The investigations must be time-bound and chargesheets must be filed within a reasonable timeframe. A quick trial is advisable — to showcase that India has an uncompromising posture against terrorism and will hand out punishments without any delay and swiftly, while protecting the constitutional rights of each of its resident. Showcasing such a balanced approach towards terrorism is also very important to send out the message to the aggrieved and those influenced by violent ideologies that Indian democracy is their best bet for a fair life. Young people drawn to various waves of violence through history have mostly been individuals harbouring a perceived strong sense of grievance against the state. Their violent activities are a response to what they believe to be injustices inflicted by the powerful. In India, there have been three distinct waves of domestic Islamist terrorism since the early 1990s. There is no better way of addressing the grave threat posed by young citizens drawn to extremist, violent ideologies than a fair, transparent and swift trial.

1. detention: The state or a period of being detained, especially: a. A period of temporary custody while awaiting trial.
2.alleged: said, without proof, to have taken place or to have a specified illegal or undesirable quality.
3.stark : severe or bare in appearance or outline.
4.lurking: be or remain hidden so as to wait in ambush for someone or something.
5.lone wolves: a person who prefers to act alone.
6.diligence: careful and persistent work or effort.
7.pending: awaiting decision or settlement.
8.swiftly: moving or capable of moving with great speed or velocity; fleet; rapid: a swift ship.
9.harbouring:keep (a thought or feeling, typically a negative one) in one's mind, especially secretly.
10.perceived: become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand.
11.grievance :a real or imagined cause for complaint, especially unfair treatment.
12.swift: happening quickly or promptly.

             TOPIC 2:Sobering reflection from Davos
            China’s stock market turbulence and the impact its growth slowdown is having on the global economy were dominant themes last week at the annual World Economic Forum in the Swiss Alpine resort of Davos. And as the four-day gathering of international finance and corporate captains, government policymakers and central bankers wound down on Saturday, the jury was still out on whether China is headed for a hard landing or is in control of its transition. That China and its fortunes have come to dominate discussions is testimony to the extent to which its companies and manufacturing industry have integrated with the rest of the world, as well as to the increased international concern over the perceived opacity of the country’s banking and financial sector’s real levels of indebtedness. This was perhaps best reflected in International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde’s exhortation that financial markets need more “clarity and certainty” about China’s management of the yuan’s exchange rate, especially with reference to the U.S. dollar. A modeling study done by Oxford Economics posits that a 10 per cent decline in the value of the Chinese currency against the dollar by the third quarter of 2016 — if accompanied by resultant competitive devaluations among emerging market peers — could roil economies and markets worldwide, with the eurozone and Japan projected to be the hardest hit. The domino effect could retard global growth by 0.2 per cent and hurt countries including the U.S., Brazil, Russia and India. Interestingly though, the same study projects that China would have little to show by way of gains from the yuan’s weakness, lending credence to the Chinese authorities’ assertions that they are not interested in engendering a scenario of competitive devaluations. Still, that second-order effects of what happens in China will be hard to hazard a guess about has already been proven by the recent volatility seen in markets worldwide. And the brave words of regulators notwithstanding, central bankers are running out of ammunition. As Reserve Bank of India Governor Raghuram Rajan said, monetary easing may have run its course and reached the limits of efficacy as a policy tool.
            The other key takeaway from this year’s meeting at Davos was showcased in Pope Francis’s admonition to the global political and economic elite to reflect on their own role in creating inequality. An Oxfam study, released ahead of the WEF meet, said the richest 1 per cent owned as much wealth as the remaining 99 per cent combined did, with the gap in wealth widening even faster than anticipated. With politicians across continents and the entire ideological spectrum, from the far-right to the far-left, focusing their rhetoric and stances on the growing rich-poor divide and seeking to tap the burgeoning discontent for electoral gains, the Pope’s call to the wealthy and powerful to act to help address the inequality lends a powerful moral edge to the issue.
1.wound :an injury to living tissue caused by a cut, blow, or other impact, typically one in which the skin is cut or broken.
2.opacity: the quality of lacking transparency or translucence.
3.posits:put forward as fact or as a basis for argument.
4.peers :look with difficulty or concentration at someone or something.
5.roil :make (a liquid) turbid or muddy by disturbing the sediment.
6.retard : very foolish or stupid.
7.credence:belief in or acceptance of something as true.
8.ammunition:a supply or quantity of bullets and shells.
9.admonition :a firm warning or reprimand.
10.rhetoric: language designed to have a persuasive or impressive effect, but which is often regarded as lacking in sincerity or meaningful content.
11.stances: a site on a street for a market, street vendor's stall, or taxi rank.

12.burgeoning :begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish.