hai frds iam Bollepalli anuiam providing the hindu editorial page and vocabulary
TOPIC 1:A message in Amit Shah
Amit Shah’s re-election as president of the Bharatiya Janata Party for a full three-year term had probably been secured in the summer of 2014 itself. As Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s closest political aide, one who crafted the campaign in Uttar Pradesh to contribute 71 of the State’s total 80 seats and ensure the BJP’s success in getting a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, he had the organisation’s support and the momentum to take over the leadership of the party from Rajnath Singh. That momentum may have been checked after the BJP’s reverses in the
and Bihar Assembly elections, but Mr.
Modi’s and, by extension, Mr. Shah’s control of the party has not been. In Mr.
Modi’s BJP, Mr. Shah is arguably the only
claimant to the top post. It is not only
that Mr. Shah’s power draws from his proximity
to Mr. Modi; it is, more importantly, that Mr. Shah’s exercise of power as BJP
president is seen, among the wider public and within the Sangh Parivar, to be
in conjunction more with 7 Race Course Road, the prime ministerial
establishment, than with 11 Ashoka Road, the party headquarters. Indeed, the
perfect fit of the Mr. Modi-Mr. Shah partnership is seen in their joint
messaging, with Mr. Modi playing the development-oriented patriarch and Mr. Shah bringing up the
majoritarian Hindutva mobilisation and agenda. Delhi
Mr. Shah’s first challenge will be to reverse the impression of a party unable to stare down a fast-uniting opposition, as was seen in
Bihar. The BJP faces a batch of important
Assembly elections in 2016, and just about a year from now Uttar Pradesh must
go to elections. That election may well bring the BJP full circle from the triumph of 2014, and its success or failure in replicating the Lok Sabha sweep in the State
Assembly could set the mood for the lead-up to the 2019 general election. Mr.
Shah is given to showcasing his achievement in increasing the party’s
membership three-fold to more than 100 million. But the proof of success would
obviously lie in electoral victories. And the BJP appears visibly lost for an
effective strategy. After the debacles in
Delhi and Bihar,
embarrassing for also having been fought in Mr. Modi’s name, it must decide
whether to revive the practice of declaring chief ministerial candidates, and
thereby surrender poster space away from the Prime Minister. More importantly,
the party must take stock of the message it gives to rally its base and keep
new voters interested. The softly played polarisation of 2014 under the
overarching development rhetoric, had by Bihar given way to outright Hindutva mobilisation.
Ministers have added their voice to communally divisive
comments by Sangh rabble-rousers. In
contrast, top leaders in the government and the party have remained silent on
hate crimes such as the lynching at Dadri. How Mr. Shah oversees an appraisal of the party’s message and mobilisation
must be judged not only by the electoral outcome, but also by its conformity to
1.aide : an assistant to an important person, especially a political leader.
2. crafted : exercise skill in making (an object), typically by hand.
3.reverses : move backwards.
4.arguably : it may be argued (used to qualify the statement of an opinion or belief).
5.claimant : a person making a claim, especially in a lawsuit or for a state benefit.
6.proximity : nearness in space, time, or relationship.
7.patriarch : the male head of a family or tribe.
8.stare : look fixedly or vacantly at someone or something with one's eyes wide open.
9.uniting : come or bring together to form a whole.
10.batch : arrange (things) in sets or groups.
11.triumph : a great victory or achievement.
12. replicating : make an exact copy of; reproduce.
13. debacles : a sudden and ignominious failure; a fiasco.
14.rhetoric : the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
15.divisive : tending to cause disagreement or hostility between people.
16.rabble: ordinary people, especially when regarded as socially inferior or uncouth.
17.rousers : one that stirs up (as to hatred or violence) the masses of the people : demagogue.
18. appraisal : an act of assessing something or someone.
absurd law on refugees Denmark
The passage of a law by the Danish Parliament that allows the authorities to confiscate valuables from refugees is the latest blow to those seeking asylum in
centre-right government says the legislation is intended to cover the cost of
each asylum-seeker’s treatment by the state, and bring refugees in line with
unemployed Danes who also have to give up
their savings before they receive welfare benefits. But the reality is starker than what the government claims. The
Danish move is in line with the hawkish
stand several European governments are taking towards asylum-seekers. Earlier
in the month, Denmark
started seizing valuables from refugees to help pay for their “upkeep”. Last
week, Switzerland Germany’s southern
states, including ,
adopted similar policies. Most of those seeking asylum in Bavaria Europe
are fleeing war, mass crimes and rapes.
Some of them make perilous boat journeys
across the Mediterranean to reach the shores of
Europe. Some pay huge sums to people smugglers
to get themselves out of their war-devastated
nations. And they go to Europe seeing the
relatively prosperous and secure continent as their last hope to find a place
to rebuild their shattered lives. These are the people the European governments
are seizing valuables from.
Yet, these moves are not surprising given the response of several European leaders to the refugee crisis. To be sure,
facing the biggest migrant crisis since the Second World War. In 2015 alone,
more than 850,000 asylum-seekers landed in , from where most of them
moved to other European countries through the open borders. But instead of
coming up with a bold pan-European plan to address the issue, the European
leadership let member-states have their way. Greece has already sealed its boundaries
to stop the entry of refugees. The Hungarian Prime Minister has, in fact, given
a call to wall off Hungary Greece
from the rest of Europe to prevent the
movement of refugees. Several Balkan leaders have recently demanded the same.
How can confiscating assets from the already vulnerable refugees and blocking
them at the borders help address one of the greatest humanitarian crises of our
time? How can Europe, known for its human
rights-driven, combative foreign policy,
treat the victims of wars as mere intruders? Besides the ethical arguments, Europe also bears some amount of direct responsibility in
this crisis. Most of the refugees reaching the continent are fleeing Syria and . In Libya Syria, besides helping rebels in the civil war
that has destabilised the country, European nations, particularly France and , are waging a bombing
campaign. In Britain Libya,
was in the forefront of an invasion that
has thrown the country into chaos. And
when the people fleeing these countries reach its shores,
France Europe cannot just turn its back on them.
Instead of building walls and seizing assets from the refugees, what Europe actually needs is an effective resettlement plan
at home, while pushing for peace and stability in the war-hit countries.
1.confiscate : take or seize (someone's property) with authority.
2.asylum : the protection granted by a state to someone who has left their home country as a political refugee.
3.Danes : an elderly or mature woman.
4.starker :severe or bare in appearance or outline.
5.hawkish : advocating an aggressive or warlike policy, especially in foreign affairs.
6.fleeing : run away from a place or situation of danger.
7.perilous : full of danger or risk.
8. shores : the land along the edge of a sea, lake, or other large body of water.
9.devastated : destroy or ruin.
10. combative : ready or eager to fight or argue.
11.invasion : an unwelcome intrusion into another's domain.
12.chaos : complete disorder and confusion.