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iam providing the hindu editorial page and vocabulary
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iam providing the hindu editorial page and vocabulary
TOPIC 1:Politics, impropriety and President’s Rule.
It is unfortunate that Arunachal Pradesh, a sensitive border State, should find itself in the throes of an artificial constitutional crisis. After seeking some clarifications from the Union government, President Pranab Mukherjee has approved the imposition of Central rule. The proclamation will have to be approved by both Houses of Parliament and the validity of President’s Rule may be considered by the Supreme Court, but it is difficult not to discern a discredited political pattern behind the crisis that led to the current situation. The pattern involves dissidence within the ruling party, the opposition joining hands with the rebels, confusion over the likelihood of a floor test, and the Governor intervening in a partisan manner. It is in similar circumstances that Article 356 of the Constitution has been misused in the past. And it was in such circumstances that the Supreme Court declared in 1994 that the only place for determining whether a Chief Minister has lost or retained majority is the floor of the House. Yet, the country is still witnessing the sad spectacle of partisan politics overshadowing constitutional propriety. It is a poor commentary on the Narendra Modi government that instead of finding ways to facilitate a floor test it has imposed President’s Rule in the midst of an ongoing hearing before a five-member Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court. The Congress in the State is also to blame because, having obviously failed to address the dissidence in its camp against Chief Minister Nabam Tuki, it appears to be avoiding a floor test as it has not sought interim orders to that effect from the court.
Undoubtedly, there is a constitutional impasse because six months have elapsed since the last time the Arunachal Pradesh Assembly met. That itself is a valid ground for Central rule. But it cannot be forgotten that events were manipulated in such a way that the divided legislature never got an opportunity to meet and test the government’s majority. The crisis was precipitated when Governor J.P. Rajkhowa advanced the session scheduled for January 14, 2016 to December 16, 2015, and fixed a motion seeking the removal of the Speaker as the first item on the agenda. In that controversial sitting at a make shift venue, the Speaker was ‘removed’ and a ‘no-confidence motion’ adopted against the Chief Minister. The Gauhati High Court has ruled that the Governor was justified in advancing the session by acting on his own discretion if he had reason to believe that the Chief Minister and the Speaker were stalling a particular motion. The constitutional question of whether the Governor can summon the legislature on his own and whether he can send a message to the Assembly on what motion it should take up is now before the Supreme Court. An authoritative pronouncement is necessary on this question, but what must not be forgotten is that political processes followed should be rooted in norms of democracy, and not be at the mercy of any discretionary powers of constitutional functionaries.
1.throes:any violent struggle.
2. proclamation:the public or official announcement of an important matter.
3.discern: distinguish (someone or something) with difficulty by sight or with the other senses.
4.discredited :cause (an idea or account) to seem false or unreliable.
5.dissidence:protest against official policy.
6.rebels:a person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or leader.
7. intervening :occur in the time between events.
8.propriety: the condition of being right, appropriate, or fitting.
9.Bench: a long seat for several people.
10.interim :the intervening time.
11.elapsed :(of time) to slip or pass by.
12.precipitated :cause (an event or situation, typically one that is undesirable) to happen suddenly, unexpectedly, or prematurely.
13.discretion :the freedom to decide what should be done in a particular situation.
14.stalling :stop or cause to stop making progress.
TOPIC 2: Consolidating ties with
Like many things French, the country’s relationship with
is an understated one. Yet,
as President François Hollande wrapped up his three-day visit to India India, it would be a mistake to underestimate
what the India-France relationship has come to mean over the decades, devoid though it is of the grand
claims attached to ’s
relations with the big world powers. India Russia
may be India’s oldest and
biggest military supplier, the U.S. India’s newest close defence partner, and
China India’s biggest trading partner, but it is France
that was ’s
first strategic partner. As a result, and through the strategic dialogue
institutionalised since 1998, India France
have close ties on counterterrorism. These have been given a boost by the
agreement on intelligence-sharing and cooperation on investigations and
judicial processes announced during the visit. In fact, Prime Minister Modi
described the common threats from “ India
to Pathankot”. On other fronts too, the relationship has held strong. Despite
global recrimination over the nuclear
tests in 1998, Paris France was
the first to re-start nuclear talks with India,
and among the first to push nuclear trade with in later years. While the
Rafale aircraft deal has overshadowed much of the discussion on French ties in
the past few days, the fact is that India France
began to supply
aircraft (‘Toofani’, or Dassault Ouragan fighters) as early as in 1953, and has
been a consistent supplier since. And over the years, the French space agency
CNES and the Indian Space Research Organisation have collaborated closely. It
should therefore come as no surprise that Mr. Hollande’s marked the fifth visit
by a French President as Chief Guest at the Republic Day parade, something Mr.
Modi referred to when he said India-France relations have “cleared every test
over time”. India
Also read: Be my guest: The R-Day strategy
However, the test that the two sides have not yet cleared is the one in bilateral trade. Despite 10 per cent growth in most years and more than a thousand French companies operating in
India-France trade hovers around $8
billion, which amounts to half of India’s
trade with the U.K. or .
A big reason for this is the impasse in
India’s economic relations with the European Union, which have been hanging
fire for more than a year now; France is more vulnerable here than its
neighbours. Mr. Modi’s expected visit to Germany Brussels
for the EU summit in the next few weeks could clear the path for greater
bilateral ties with France
as well, but
must look to other ways to build on this relationship. Some of those will come
from the joint ventures and partnerships envisaged
during Mr. Hollande’s visit, on infrastructure such as railways, smart cities
and renewable energy projects. But much more needs to come from Indian
businesses engaging with India ,
even as the government moves on long-promised reforms to aid exporters. To
quote Mr. Hollande at the CEO forum, speaking about bilateral trade: “We must
go faster, much faster and even then it’s too slow.” France
1.devoid :entirely lacking or free from.
2.recrimination :an accusation in response to one from someone else.
3.hovers :remain in one place in the air.
4.impasse :a situation in which no progress is possible, especially because of disagreement; a deadlock.5.envisaged : :form a mental picture of (something not yet existing or known).
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